The World Bank today released a report (currently off line!) that gives some numbers to the amount of deaths that pollution in China has caused.
This report raises a number of questions.
1. Are these deaths the cost that has to be paid by China for the reduction in poverty and by the West for the cheap consumer goods that we enjoy?
2. Do we agree with the World Bank putting a value of 1 million yuan on the price of a life? This is considerably lower than any developed country VSL figure. An American life is thought to be worth around $6million. Are these numbers compatible? (US$1=7.604 Yuan).
3. Will the announcement of these figures lead to social unrest in China? We know that environmental protests are growing and are being reported. Likewise arrests of environmental protesters have increased.
4. Why is the report at the link below unavailable?
Pollution Kills 460,000 Chinese a Year - World Bank
BEIJING - About 460,000 Chinese die prematurely each year from breathing polluted air and drinking dirty water, according to a World Bank study.
The Financial Times reported on Tuesday that the Chinese government, the bank's partner in the research project, had asked the lender not to publish the estimates for fear they could trigger social unrest.
The conference version of the study, available at the bank's Web site, says some estimates of the physical and economic cost of pollution have been omitted because of uncertainties about calculation methods and their application.
However, the report goes on to estimate the health costs from premature deaths associated with outdoor air pollution at 394 billion yuan (US$51.8 billion). With each life valued at 1 million yuan, that works out at a death toll of 394,000.
The study puts the cost of deaths from diarrhoea and cancer caused by drinking polluted water at 66 billion yuan, pointing to 66,000 premature deaths a year.
China-watchers said it was standard practice in research projects conducted with the government for both sides to have a veto over the conclusions.
The World Bank said the final report would be out soon.
"Consistent with the World Bank's approach to this type of joint research project, the findings of the report are being discussed with the government. The conference version of the report did not include some of the issues that are still under discussion," the bank's Beijing office said in a statement.
An economist in Beijing said the study's estimate of premature deaths from airborne pollution, although shocking, was broadly in line with earlier published World Bank research and with recent findings by Chinese academics.
The World Bank is also concerned by indoor air pollution, principally breathing in fumes from coal-burning stoves and cooking oil. Its experts estimate that as many as 300,000 Chinese a year die prematurely in this way.
China, home to some of the world's 20 most polluted cities, is redoubling its efforts to clean up the environment.
The authorities are closing down dirty industrial plants, raising car fuel-efficiency standards and tweaking taxes to discourage energy-intensive production. China on Sunday also introduced higher drinking water standards.
The conference edition "Cost of Pollution in China" is at:
http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/EASTASIAPACIF ICEXT/EXTEAPREGTOPENVIRONMENT/0,,contentMDK:21252897~pagePK:340 0 4173~piPK:34003707~theSitePK:502886,00.html